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How to Heat and Cool Your Home Efficiently

Heat and Cool Your Home

Everyone is pinching pennies these days, so it’s important to find as many ways to save money as possible. Heating and cooling takes up nearly half of your home’s energy costs, so making smart decisions about your heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system can hugely impact your utility bills. You don’t have to spend a ton of money every month – simply follow these steps to make your heating and cooling system more efficient.

  1. Change your air filter on a regular basis. You need to check your filter every month, especially during winter and summer. If it’s been a month and the filter looks dirty, go ahead and change it. Otherwise, you should change the filter every 3 months at least. The dirtier the air filter is, the slower the air will flow, which means your system is working more than it has to in order to keep your air warm or cool. If you keep your filter clean, less dust and dirt will build up in your system, which results in fewer maintenance or the risk of system failure.
  2. Tune up your HVAC equipment yearly. Tune-up of your heating and cooling system every year to for improved efficiency and maximum comfort.
  3. Install a programmable thermostat. If you’re away for long periods throughout the day, it is incredibly beneficial to have a programmable thermostat. By installing one and using it correctly, you could end up saving about $180 per year in energy costs!
  4. Seal your heating and cooling ducts. It’s a huge waste of energy to have ducts that constantly move air to and from a forced air furnace, central air conditioner, or heat pump. By sealing and insulating ducts, you can vastly improve the efficiency of your heating and cooling system by up to 20 percent, and maybe even more! Focus first on sealing ducts that run through the attic, crawlspace, unheated basement, or garage using duct sealant or metal-backed tape to seal the seams of ducts. Then cover them in insulation so they don’t get hot in the summer or cold during the winter months. Finally, seal any other ducts that you can get to in the heated or cooled portion of the house.
  5. Properly install your new equipment. It’s a great idea to replace your old heating and cooling equipment with an energy-efficient model. For optimum performance, you must install your new equipment the right way. By improperly installing your equipment, you are potentially reducing system efficiency by 30 percent, costing you money and shortening the life of your equipment.

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